Christians Face Persecution and Extinction in Islamic Lands
With the rise of violent Islamic regimes, Clare M. Lopez writes on the dire situation facing followers of Christ across the Middle East and North Africa.
first published 27/03/13
by Clare M. Lopez
Across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, Islam is on the march again and Christians are marked for annihilation. In lands once known as the heartland of Christianity, where the Apostles and early missionaries spread their faith, Christianity is a faith under fire and Christians themselves are a dwindling presence.
Nowhere is the Islamic assault against Christians more intense than the killing fields of Syria, where rebel advances by both the al-Qa'eda affiliate, Jabhat al-Nusra, and Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated militias of the Syrian Free Army (SFA), inevitably result in pogroms against Christian populations in every town they capture from the Bashar al-Assad regime that previously had protected Syria's minority Christians.
As Nina Shea wrote recently at National Review Online, the 2,000-year-old Christian Assyrian community in embattled Syria literally faces extinction, as an Islamic "ethno-religious cleansing" targets its defenseless members with kidnappings, murder, rape and threats.
Like Iraq's Assyrian and Chaldean communities before it (some of whose members had fled to Syria for safety), the Christians of Syria are now fleeing in droves, many to Lebanon, and some even back to Iraq. The Chaldean Catholic bishop of Aleppo, Antoine Audo, reports that as many as 30,000 Christians have fled that devastated city alone.
Juliana Taimoorazy, the founder and president of the Iraqi Christian Relief Council, has highlighted the desperate plight of Iraq's original people, the Assyrians and Chaldeans, descendants of mighty civilizations and Christian since the first century. Since the Council's founding in 2008, Taimoorazy has made it her mission to document and speak about the devastation wreaked against Iraqi Christian businesses, churches and homes in the years since 2003, when the ouster of Saddam Hussein brought to power the jihadist forces of Shi'ite Islam.
Waves of violence, killing and forced displacement have slashed the pre-2003 number of churches in Iraq from 300 to just 57, and the number of beleaguered Christians from some 1.4 million to perhaps only half a million in 2013.
The situation in Iran is intensifying with a violent regime crackdown against Christians and other religious minorities, as well (especially Baha'is). In the March 2013 Report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Heiner Bielefeld documents the shocking treatment of Christians in Iran, whose constitution describes it as an "Islamic Republic" dedicated to revolution and global jihad.
Christians increasingly are being persecuted, arrested, jailed and mistreated for the "crime" of preaching or even simply practicing Christianity in an Islamic state. The case of American pastor Saeed Abedini, who has been sentenced to eight years in the notorious Evin prison for his alleged work with Iranian Christians, has received quite a bit of media attention and is especially notable because he is a U.S. citizen.
According to Ahmed Shaheed, the UN's expert on the human rights situation in Iran, there is a "new Islamization in part of the government" in Tehran that Shaheed believes may explain the spike in repression against Christians.
Egyptian Copts, descendants of the original Pharaonic Egyptians, have been Christian since St. Mark, the Apostle and Gospel writer, brought the faith to North Africa in the first century after Christ. Decimated, overrun and subjugated by the 7th century Muslim invasion, the Copts today number a mere 10% of Egypt's population of some 80 million.
Since the 2011 revolution that brought the jihadist Muslim Brotherhood to power, the plight of these Christians once again has become desperate and is spurring a massive exodus from the country.
In a March 2013 interview published by Family Security Matters, Dr. Ashraf Ramelah described vigilante attacks against Christian cemeteries, churches, property and the Coptic faithful themselves by Muslim mobs, emboldened by the certainty that the sharia-compliant Egyptian constitution protects them from retribution.
Once again, the Pact of Umar that defined the subservient status under sharia of the Ahl al-Dhimma (the conquered 'People of the Book' who are specifically targeted for subjugation in Quranic verse 9:29), is being enforced.
Dr. Mahmoud Shu'ban, a professor and scholar at Al-Azhar University, has demanded that the Copts pay the jizya (the discriminatory tax commanded by the Quran 9:29 to be levied on non-Muslims under an Islamic regime), while Muslim Brotherhood leadership figures such as Safwat Hegazy and the Egyptian cleric Dr. Wagdi Ghoneim openly threaten them with genocide.
In fact, as the Pact of Umar and Islamic Law specify, there is no protection for Christians under Islamic rule who do not pay the jizya, which is simply protection money that ostensibly guarantees the lives and property of those who pay it and serves as an ever-present murderous threat against those who don't.
Nor is Islam's Arab heartland the only place where Christians face oppression, persecution and death. On the East Asian margins of Islam's reach, in supposedly "tolerant" Indonesia, Christian churches are being demolished and the Christian minority in this overwhelmingly Muslim country violently attacked.
In places as far from the birthplace of Islam as the Central Asian republics, Bibles and Christian literature are confiscated and destroyed, while Boko Haram, the Nigerian al-Qa'eda franchise, has been on a Christian-slaughtering rampage since before 2012—although the Muslim conquest of West Africa itself dates to the early centuries of Islam.
Christians who may have looked to Catholicism's new Pope Francis to champion their survival in the face of the Islamic resurgence may be disappointed. Speaking at a Vatican ceremony to greet the world's diplomatic envoys to Rome on March 22, Pope Francis appealed instead to interfaith dialogue, particularly with Islam.
With this policy, Pope Francis follows the cautious course of his immediate predecessor, Pope Benedict, who, confronted by Muslim criticism, hurriedly backtracked and apologized after a 2011 call for greater protection of Egypt's Coptic Christians from Muslim assault.
During this Christian holiday season, the message from the world -- and even from the top ranks of Christendom -- to Christians facing Islamic jihad and the imposition of sharia would seem to be: "You're on your own."
Clare M. Lopez is a strategic policy and intelligence expert with a focus on Middle East, national defense, WMD, and counterterrorism issues. Specific areas of expertise include Islam and Iran.
Now a private consultant, Lopez also serves as Vice President of the non-profit forum, The Intelligence Summit, and is a Professor at the Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre), where she teaches courses on the Iranian Intelligence Services, and the expanding influence of Jihad and Sharia in Europe and the U.S.